Adversarial Policies Beat Professional-Level Go AIs

Abstract

We attack the state-of-the-art Go-playing AI system, KataGo, by training an adversarial policy that plays against a frozen KataGo victim. Our attack achieves a >99% win-rate against KataGo without search, and a >50% win-rate when KataGo uses enough search to be near-superhuman. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first successful end-to-end attack against a Go AI playing at the level of a top human professional. Notably, the adversary does not win by learning to play Go better than KataGo – in fact, the adversary is easily beaten by human amateurs. Instead, the adversary wins by tricking KataGo into ending the game prematurely at a point that is favorable to the adversary. Our results demonstrate that even professional-level AI systems may harbor surprising failure modes. See https://goattack.alignmentfund.org/ for example games.

Publication
arXiv
Adam Gleave
Adam Gleave
PhD Candidate in Artificial Intelligence

My research interests include value learning and robustness of deep RL.